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Index 19



Seismic Alarms

Published:2013/5/14 22:05:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Seismic Alarms

Seismic Alarms
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GEOPHONE FOOTSTEP DETECTOR ALARM CIRCUIT

Published:2013/5/14 22:03:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: GEOPHONE FOOTSTEP DETECTOR, ALARM CIRCUIT

GEOPHONE FOOTSTEP DETECTOR ALARM CIRCUIT
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GEOPHONE FOOTSTEP DETECTOR ALARM CIRCUITS

Published:2013/5/14 21:57:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: GEOPHONE FOOTSTEP DETECTOR , ALARM CIRCUITS

GEOPHONE FOOTSTEP DETECTOR ALARM CIRCUITS
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Thermostat for room heater 2

Published:2013/5/9 21:30:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Thermostat, room heater

Thermostat for room heater 2
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Plant watering timer 2

Published:2013/5/9 21:30:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Plant watering timer

Plant watering timer 2
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Photo film processor

Published:2013/5/9 21:28:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Photo film processor

Photo film processor
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Electronic Load Controller for microhydro system

Published:2013/5/9 21:13:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Electronic Load Controller, microhydro system

Electronic Load Controller for microhydro system
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The 8 Watt driver

Published:2013/5/7 22:09:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: The 8 Watt driver

The 8 Watt driver
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The 2 Watt driver

Published:2013/5/7 22:09:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: The 2 Watt driver

The 2 Watt driver
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12 Volt Fluorescent Lamp Drivers

Published:2013/5/7 22:08:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: 12 Volt, Fluorescent Lamp Drivers

12 Volt Fluorescent Lamp Drivers
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Thermostat for room heater

Published:2013/5/7 22:05:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Thermostat , room heater

Thermostat for room heater
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Plant watering timer

Published:2013/5/7 22:03:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Plant watering timer

Plant watering timer
If you are like me, you hate doing the same chores every day, all your life. As much as you can automate such things, you should automate them. One of these chores is watering every plant around my apartment, specially those on the balcony! Long ago I made a small gizmo that takes care of this chore. It also keeps the plants alive when I travel away for one or two months. I simply installed a water hose with a solenoid valve (I used a standard replacement valve for washing machines), and poked thin copper tubes into the hose, leading to each pot. Those plants that require less water get thinner copper tubes. And then I used the following timer circuit to control the valve. Problem solved. The plants are happy.   (View)

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220V MAINS MONITOR

Published:2013/5/7 21:36:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: 220V MAINS MONITOR

220V MAINS MONITOR
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TELEPHONE LINE MONITOR

Published:2013/5/7 21:31:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: TELEPHONE LINE MONITOR

TELEPHONE LINE MONITOR
If you feel that somebody is tampering with your telephone line you might find this little circuit useful. It detects if there is another telephone connected to the line, if there is a short or an open line. Sound and a flashing light will tell you which is the current situation. The speaker is practically cut out during a normal conversation thus preserving privacy, only the LED will flash occasionally. The circuit does not require any battery and takes the supply from the telephone line itself. The transistors used are wired in a reversed biased fashion thus behaving as oscillators. You might try the 2N2222A as an alternative (not tested, you may need to increase the zener to 10V for the 2N2222A). This monitor is, of course, suitable only for analogue lines. Watch the polarity of the input line: the circuit will not be damaged by a polarity reversal but it will not operate correctly.   (View)

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LIGHT BULB TIMER

Published:2013/5/7 21:26:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: LIGHT BULB TIMER

LIGHT BULB TIMER
Occasionally you might have a need to keep a light on for a certain time, usually a few minutes, and be sure that it switches off even if you forget to turn off the switch. This could be useful in a cellar or in a closet. The circuit will switch on a light bulb simply by pressing the push button. After a time of 3-7 minutes it will switch off automatically. The long delay is achieved by partly using the leakage current between anode and gate of the scr. This current is dependent almost on anything: voltage, temperature, lamp power, scr device, etc., this is the reason why the timing is not constant but for the intended application it is not important. If the delay is too short you may increase the 220nF capacitor up to 470nF. Too high a value will keep the light always on. It will work with incandescent light bulbs only. Its operation with electronic lamps is erratic and the delay is only 1 or 2 minutes. The scr must be the sensitive gate type and no other type was tested except the TIC106N. The circuit is rather small and could be housed in the same case as the push button, if there is enough room. Of course you have to substitute the standard switch with a push button. Operation with a 110Vac mains has not been tested although I expect that a 100μF 100V capacitor instead of the 47μF capacitor should do the trick. It goes without saying that you must know what you are doing as working with the household mains can be dangerous and remember to switch off the mains breaker before doing any work on the electric wiring. Do not attempt to install this circuit if you have doubts on its operation, connections and relevant safety measures.   (View)

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DOMESTIC POWER LIMIT WARNING

Published:2013/5/7 21:26:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: DOMESTIC POWER LIMIT WARNING

DOMESTIC POWER LIMIT WARNING
Since a new electricity meter, the electronic variety, was installed at my place, I get cut off if I exceed the set power level, 3.3KWh in my case. The new meter is unforgiving and although there is a little tolerance built in, you really never know when it has gone over the cut off limit, given the number of electric appliances which are continuously switched on and off. The circuit was designed to give an audible warning when the 3.3KWh limit is exceeded. The transformer is a disused transformer from a soldering gun. It is relatively easy to remove the few turns of the secondary winding and rewind two turns of thick wire, as thick as the wire coming from the meter at least. One turn should be enough if you have a limit of 6.6KWh, but operation at this power level was not tested. As an alternative you may try a small toroidal mains transformer: it is easy to add a few turns of thick wire. Ignore all other windings, if any, except the primary winding, which in our circuit becomes the secondary winding. The circuit is to be installed between the electricity meter with its breaker and the house wiring. With the given components, the circuit will oscillate at 1 sec. on and 1 sec. off, depending on the load. Adjust the potentiometer so that there is no sound below the power limit. The varistor is necessary in case there is a short in the house wiring: the extra voltage at the secondary may damage the circuit. The piezo buzzer can even be placed away from the circuit in any place where it can be easily heard. It goes without saying that you must know what you are doing as working with the household mains can be dangerous and remember to switch off the mains breaker before doing any work on the electric wiring. Do not attempt to install this circuit if you have doubts on its operation, connections and relevant safety measures.   (View)

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LONG DELAY TIMER 2

Published:2013/5/7 21:16:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: LONG DELAY TIMER

LONG DELAY TIMER 2
A max. delay of 20 hours is achieved by this relatively simple circuit. A permanent ground, or no signal, at the trigger input starts the timer. A ground at the relay output is available after a set time that depends on the connection of the transistor base (X) to one of the counter output: connection with (C) gives a min. delay of 1m 40s and max. of 18m 30s. Connection with (B) gives a min. delay of 13m 20s and max. of 2h 28m. Connection with (A) gives a min. delay of 1h 47m and max. of 20h. Supply voltage is between 6 and 15V and longer delay could be obtained by increasing the capacitor value up to 10 times with a delay in excess of 1 week. A positive at the trigger input will reset the counter. Adjust the 100K pot. for the desired timing. The load is typically a relay but any load with a max. current of 200 mA will work fine. Admittedly this is not a very original circuit but can save some time if you need to build one. The IC is a Cmos 24-stage binary counter MC4521B from Fairchild, or alternatively, you may use the MC14521B from Motorola.   (View)

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LED or bulb switch off with a puff

Published:2013/5/7 21:05:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: LED or bulb , switch off, a puff

LED or bulb switch off with a puff
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Egg Timer 2

Published:2013/5/7 20:58:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Egg Timer

Egg Timer 2
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RS232 Dev Board

Published:2013/5/2 22:35:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: RS232 Dev Board

RS232 Dev Board
A simple RS232 example project that takes all the power it needs from the serial port. Use it to power your microcontroller and communicate between serial port and microcontroller. Takes advantage of the fact that pc serial ports will accept 0-5V rather than the RS232 standard of around negative 10V to positive 10V. Very convenient – no external power required! Note that you may use either a 5.1V zener or a 5V   (View)

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