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DCC To DC - Accessory Power Supplies

Published:2013/6/13 21:22:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: DCC To DC , Accessory Power Supplies

DCC To DC - Accessory Power Supplies
These circuits can be used to supply low current DC accessory circuits by tapping into the DCC track supply Bus. This might be done if a regular DC supply was not available and the power required by the accessory was small. The unregulated power supply circuit could be used to supply power to the Automatic Grade Crossing circuit on this site. WARNING - Accessories supplied by these circuits must not share common electrical connections with circuits connected to other power supplies, either DCC or AC powered. Any inter-connections with other circuits should be through optoisolators or relays to prevent possible short-circuiting between the supplies.   (View)

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Low Voltage Power Supplies For LEDs Or Lamps

Published:2013/6/13 1:37:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Low Voltage, Power Supplies, LEDs , Lamps

Low Voltage Power Supplies For LEDs Or Lamps
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7474 Bipolar Stepper Driver Generators

Published:2013/6/13 1:27:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: 7474, Bipolar, Stepper Driver, Generators

7474 Bipolar Stepper Driver Generators
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Fixed Voltage Regulators 5 Or 12 Volt Supply

Published:2013/6/7 21:21:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Fixed Voltage Regulators, 5 Or 12 Volt Supply

Fixed Voltage Regulators 5 Or 12 Volt Supply
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Throttle Power Supply

Published:2013/6/7 21:20:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Throttle Power Supply

Throttle Power Supply
The first schematic is of the Direct Current power supply for the throttles. Shown is the primary and secondary circuits and the components needed to power the throttles. As this section of the throttles uses 120 volt AC power great caution should be taken in this area. All transformers should be mounted in a fully enclosed metal cabinet and properly grounded. Transformers for multiple units could be centrally located and the low voltage AC then routed to each throttle.   (View)

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A Power Supply For Use With Transistors

Published:2013/6/6 20:38:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Power Supply , Transistors

A Power Supply For Use With Transistors
The circuit is a variation of the SCR compatible power supply. This version can be used if transistors were used to control switch machines. The only significant differences between this and the SCR compatible circuit is the removal of the time delay before recharging begins and the higher control current that would be required for transistors as opposed to silicon controlled rectifiers. As with the SCR compatible circuit this version cannot be used with pushbuttons in the coil circuit as the charging current would not be cutoff when the button is pushed.   (View)

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A Power Supply For Use With Silicon Controlled Rectifiers

Published:2013/6/6 20:37:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Power Supply , Silicon Controlled Rectifiers

A Power Supply For Use With Silicon Controlled Rectifiers
The next power supply is designed specifically for use with silicon controlled rectifiers. The SCR's would take the place of push buttons in the high current paths of the switch machine control circuits. These devices are ideally suited for use where large current surges are expected and in many cases they are less expensive than darlington transistors.   (View)

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Split Supply - Current Blocking Switch Machine Power Supply

Published:2013/6/6 20:37:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Split Supply , Current Blocking , Switch Machine , Power Supply

Split Supply - Current Blocking Switch Machine Power Supply
The next circuit is essentially the same as the one above except that a split of dual output is provided. The circuit therefore has a PLUS, MINUS and NEUTRAL output terminal but functions in the same manner as the single sided power supply circuit. A 1N4001 diode has been placed in the emitter circuit of the power transistors to ensure that the proper voltage differential is achieved between the base and emitter junctions of these transistors. This circuit has not been tested on a layout but should work as designed. Please take some time to experiment before actually installing the circuit.   (View)

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Current Blocking Switch Machine Power Supply

Published:2013/6/6 20:36:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Current Blocking , Switch Machine, Power Supply

Current Blocking Switch Machine Power Supply
The Current Blocking type of switch machine supply is a widely used device and is well documented. It is reliable and practical design. Simply stated; This type of supply blocks the charging current to the storage capacitor anytime current is flowing from the output of the circuit, such as when a switch machine is activated. The only modification that this circuit might use is: (1) A resistor to limit the maximum charging current to a reasonable level. (2) a Capacitor Charged indicator. These additions are shown on the next diagram. The first schematic on the following diagram shows a current blocking switch machine power supply with a 10 ohm resistor in the collector circuit of the blocking transistor. This resistor should be a wire wound type power resistor as it will have to handle peak currents of approximately 2.4 amps. The second schematic shows a Capacitor Charged indicator added to the circuit. The LED will begin to glow when the voltage across the capacitor is approximately 16 volts and be fully lit at about 20 volts.   (View)

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Simple But Effective Switch Machine Power Supply

Published:2013/6/6 20:35:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Simple , Effective, Switch Machine, Power Supply

Simple But Effective Switch Machine Power Supply
The first circuit of this page is for a classic Resistor / Capacitor unit but with a few modifications made. The standard bugaboo with this type of circuit is the relatively long charging time of the capacitor. But if you are willing to wait the 1 second that a 2200uF capacitor takes to charge to 90 percent of its maximum voltage when a 220 ohm resistor is used this can be a simple and cost effective power supply. Using a lower resistance charging will shorten the charging time proportionally. Shown in the top power supply circuit is an indicator circuit that shows when the capacitor is near its full charge. This is an optional feature and can be left out as shown on the second unit. To increase the availability of switch machine power more than one discharge unit can be connected to a central transformer and rectifier / filter capacitor. This would allow smaller discharge units to be placed around the layout and used to operate machines that are nearby. The diode in front of the 220 ohm resistor will prevent units from draining the voltage from each other when turnouts are thrown. Although this is unlikely to happen with an adequately sized supply transformer. If the recharging time is not too important such as for machines that are not thrown often, the value or the 220 ohm resistor could be increased and its wattage reduced. The maximum potential load on the circuit will be reduced accordingly. If not as much pulse current is needed to throw the turnouts then the value of the capacitor could also be reduced. With a 16 volt AC supply transformer the DC voltage across the capacitor will be about 21 volts and the maximum charging current will be 0.2 amps. For a circuit of this type the charging time is dependent on the values of the resistor and capacitor used. For example if a 220 ohm resistor and a 2,200 microfarad capacitor are used then the charging time constant would be as follows. 220 Ohms X 2,200uf = 0.484 Seconds (1 Time Constant) This is the time that the capacitor would take to reach 63 percent of the supply voltage. The time needed to reach approximately 88 percent of the supply voltage is 2 time constants. 2 X 0.484 = 0.986 Seconds (2 Time Constants) For practical purposes the time to reach the supply voltage is 5 time constants. If you have a little patience, about one second's worth, the basic resistor / capacitor power supply can be a very effective and economical system. However if you have the need for speed then one of the more sophisticated supplies is required.   (View)

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Basic Twin Coil Switch Machine Power Supplies

Published:2013/6/6 20:35:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Basic Twin Coil, Switch Machine, Power Supplies

Basic Twin Coil Switch Machine Power Supplies
The following diagram shows two basic twin coil switch machine power supplies. Circuit A is the simplest type but suffers from a relatively slow recovery rate. Circuit B is a very popular power supply as it has a very good recovery time. This circuit has a high current surge when the capacitor is charging.   (View)

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Half Wave DC - Stall Motor Switch Machine Power Supply

Published:2013/6/5 21:27:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Half Wave DC , Stall Motor , Switch Machine, Power Supply

Half Wave DC - Stall Motor Switch Machine Power Supply
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Full Wave DC - Stall Motor Switch Machine Power Supply

Published:2013/6/5 21:27:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Full Wave DC , Stall Motor Switch, Machine Power Supply

Full Wave DC - Stall Motor Switch Machine Power Supply
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1.5 Volt Power Supply schematic

Published:2013/5/31 1:55:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: 1.5 Volt, Power Supply schematic

1.5 Volt Power Supply schematic
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Test Bench Power Supply Schematic

Published:2013/5/31 1:54:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Test Bench Power Supply Schematic

Test Bench Power Supply Schematic
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motor's power circuit

Published:2013/5/28 22:00:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: motor's power circuit

motor's power circuit
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Alternate Power Supplies For the Meter

Published:2013/5/22 22:24:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Alternate Power Supplies, the Meter

Alternate Power Supplies For the Meter
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1.5 Volt Power Supply - LM317

Published:2013/5/16 1:59:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: 1.5 Volt, Power Supply , LM317

1.5 Volt Power Supply - LM317
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A Test Bench Power Supply

Published:2013/5/16 1:59:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Test Bench Power Supply

A Test Bench Power Supply
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HV supply: 12VDC in, 12KV out

Published:2013/5/16 1:51:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: HV supply, 12VDC in, 12KV out

HV supply: 12VDC in, 12KV out
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