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Index 14



NOISE_BRIDGE

Published:2009/6/26 2:31:00 Author:Jessie

NOISE_BRIDGE
NOISE_BRIDGE
NOISE_BRIDGE

Used with communication receiver to measure impedance at antenna terminals or at end of transmission line, as required for adjusting antenna matching and loading devices for desired impedance at specific frequency. Consists of diode.connected transistor broadband,noise generator, 3-stage noise amplifier, and toroid transformer bridge. All transistors are 2N5129 or equivalent 2N5137 or 2N5220. Try different transistors until highest noise output is obtained. Toroid core for trans.former is 3/8-inch Indiana General CF102. Quadrifilar winding has 4 1/2 turns of four No.28 enamel wires twisted together, wound on core and connected as on diagram. Noise bridge can also serve as wideband noise source for signal injection during troubleshooting in AF or RF circults, and as noise source for aligning RF cir-cuits,-J.J. Schultz, An Improved Antenna Noise Bridge, CQ, Sept, 1976, p 27-29 and 75.   (View)

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ISOLATED_TEMPERATURE_SENSOR

Published:2009/6/26 1:40:00 Author:May

ISOLATED_TEMPERATURE_SENSOR
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μP_CONTROLLED_DIGITAL_THERMOMETER

Published:2009/6/26 1:39:00 Author:May

μP_CONTROLLED_DIGITAL_THERMOMETER
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CENTIGRADE_CALIBRATED_THERMOCOUPLE_THERMOMETER

Published:2009/6/26 1:38:00 Author:May

CENTIGRADE_CALIBRATED_THERMOCOUPLE_THERMOMETER
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PRECISION_TEMPERATURE_TRANSDUCER_WITH_REMOTE_SENSOR

Published:2009/6/26 1:37:00 Author:May

PRECISION_TEMPERATURE_TRANSDUCER_WITH_REMOTE_SENSOR
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INTEGRATED_CIRCUIT_TEMPERATURE_SENSOR

Published:2009/6/26 1:36:00 Author:May

INTEGRATED_CIRCUIT_TEMPERATURE_SENSOR
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TEMPERATURE_SENSOR

Published:2009/6/26 1:35:00 Author:May

TEMPERATURE_SENSOR
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FOUR_CHANNEL_TEMPERATURE_SENSOR(0_50℃)

Published:2009/6/26 1:34:00 Author:May

FOUR_CHANNEL_TEMPERATURE_SENSOR(0_50℃)
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LINEAR_TEMPERATURE_TO_FREQUENC_Y_TRANSCONDUCER

Published:2009/6/26 1:31:00 Author:May

LINEAR_TEMPERATURE_TO_FREQUENC_Y_TRANSCONDUCER
This circuit provides a linear increase of frequency of 10 Hz/℃ over 0-100 ℃ and can thus be used with logic systems, including mi-croprocessors. Temperature probes Q 1 Vb. changes 2.2 mV/℃. This transistor is incorpo-rated in a constant current source circuit. Thus, a current proportional to temperature will be available to charge C1. The circuit is powered via the temperature stable reference voltage supplied by the 741. Comparator IC1 is used as a Schmitt trigger whose output is used to dis-charge C1 via D1 To calibrate the circuit Q1 is immersed in boiling distilled water atad PR1 adjusted to give 1 kHz output. The prototype was found to be accurate to within 0.2 ℃.   (View)

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DIFFERENTIATOR_WITH_HIGH_COMMON_MODE_NOISE_REJECTION_

Published:2009/6/25 21:28:00 Author:Jessie

DIFFERENTIATOR_WITH_HIGH_COMMON_MODE_NOISE_REJECTION_
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SOUND_OPERATED_TWO_WAY_SWITCH

Published:2009/6/25 21:20:00 Author:Jessie

SOUND_OPERATED_TWO_WAY_SWITCH
This circuit operates a relay each time a sound of sufficient intensity is made, thus one clap of the hands will switch it one way, a second clap will revert the circuit to the origi-nal condition. Q2 and Q3 form a Schmitt trigger. TheJK flip-flop is used as a bistable whose output changes state every time a pulse is applied to the clock input (pin 12). Q4 allows the output to drive a relay.   (View)

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ACTIVE_INDUCTOR

Published:2009/6/25 21:11:00 Author:May

ACTIVE_INDUCTOR
An active inductor is realized with an eight-lead IC, two carbon resistors, and a small capacitor. A commercial inductor of 50 henries may occupy up to five cubic inches.   (View)

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SIMULATED_INDUCTOR

Published:2009/6/25 21:11:00 Author:May

SIMULATED_INDUCTOR
With a constant currentexcitation, the voltage dropped across an inductance increases with frequency. Thus, an active device whose output increases with frequency can be characterizedas an inductance. The circuit yields such a response with the effective inductance being equal to: L = R1R2C. The Q ofthis inductance depends upon RI being equal to R2.At the same time, however, the positive and negative feedback paths of the amplifier are equal leading to the distinct possibility of instability at high frequencies. R1 should, therefore, always be slightly smaller than R2 to assure stable operation.   (View)

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TONE_BURST_GENERATOR

Published:2009/6/25 21:09:00 Author:Jessie

TONE_BURST_GENERATOR
The first timer is used as a monostable and determines the tone duration when triggered by a positive pulse at pin 6. The second timer is enabled by the high output of the monostable. It is connected as an astable and determines the frequency of the tone.   (View)

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FOUR_CHANNEL_SYNTHESIZER

Published:2009/6/25 21:05:00 Author:Jessie

FOUR_CHANNEL_SYNTHESIZER
This circuit will synthesize two rear chan-nels for quadraphonic sound when fed with a stereo signal. The rear output for the left chan-nel, is a combination of the left channel input 180 out of phase, added to a proportion of the right hand channel (also out of phase). The right hand rear output is obtained in a similar way.   (View)

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STEREO_REVERB_SYSTEM

Published:2009/6/25 21:04:00 Author:Jessie

STEREO_REVERB_SYSTEM
The LM378 dual power amplifier is used as the spring driver. The recovery amplifier is a low noise dual preamplifier. Mixing of the delayed signal with the original is done with another LM387 used in an inverting summing configuration.   (View)

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LEVEL_SENSOR_FOR_CRYOGENIC_FLUIDS

Published:2009/6/25 2:43:00 Author:May

LEVEL_SENSOR_FOR_CRYOGENIC_FLUIDS
The sensor circuit is adaptable to different liquids and sensors. The constant-current source drives current through the sensing probe and a fixed resistor. The voltage-comparator circuits interpret the voltage drops to tell whether the probe is immersed in liquid and whether there is current in the probe.   (View)

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LIGHT_LEVEL_SENSOR

Published:2009/6/24 23:53:00 Author:May

LIGHT_LEVEL_SENSOR
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LOGARITHMIC_LIGHT_SENSOR

Published:2009/6/24 23:51:00 Author:May

LOGARITHMIC_LIGHT_SENSOR
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SELF_BIASED_PROXIMITY_SENSOR_WORKS_ON_DETECTED_CHANGING_FIELD

Published:2009/6/24 23:03:00 Author:May

SELF_BIASED_PROXIMITY_SENSOR_WORKS_ON_DETECTED_CHANGING_FIELD
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