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Long Range FM Transmitter Circuit

Published:2012-11-15 0:21:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Long Range , FM , Transmitter Circuit

Long Range FM Transmitter Circuit
This circuit is a circuit diagram fm transmitter. This circuit is somewhat different from the previous fm transmitter circuit. Transmitter circuit described here has the additional RF power amplifier stage, after the oscillator stage, to increase the power output of 200-250 milliwatts. With a good matching 50-ohm ground plane antenna or multi-element yagi antenna, this transmitter can provide a good enough signal strength to a distance of about 2 kilometers. The circuit built around transistor T1 (BF494) is the basic low-power variable-frequency VHF oscillator. A varicap diode circuit is included to change the frequency of the transmitter and to provide frequency modulation by audio signals. The output of the oscillator is about 50 milliwatts. Transistor T2 (2N3866) forms a VHF-class power amplifier. This increases the oscillator signals� power four to five times. Thus, 200-250 milliwatts of power produced at the collector of transistor T2. For better results, assemble the circuit on a good quality glass epoxy board and house the transmitter in the case of aluminum. Shield the oscillator stage using aluminum sheets. Transistor T2 must be mounted on the heat sink. Do not switch on the transmitter without a matching antenna. Adjust both trimmers (VC1 and VC2) for maximum transmission power. Adjust potentiometer VR1 to set the fundamental frequency near 100 MHz. Coil winding details are given below: L1 � 4 changes of 20 SWG wire close wound over 8mm diameter plastic former. L2 � 2 changes of 24 SWG wire near top end of L1. (Note: There is no core (ie air core) is used to coil on top) L3 � 7 changed from 24 SWG wire close wound with 4mm diameter air core. L4 � 7 changed from 24 SWG wire-wound on ferrite beads (choking) Potentiometer VR1 is used to change the fundamental frequency whereas potentiometer VR2 is used as power control.   (View)

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Long Range FM Transmitter-2

Published:2012-11-15 0:21:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Long Range, FM , Transmitter

Long Range FM Transmitter-2
Part List: R1_______15K R2_______3K9 R3_______220R R4,R5____1K R6,R9____10K R7_______390K C1,C6____0.01uF C2_______4.7pF C3_______0.1uF C4_______6-35pf trimmer cap C5_______2.2uF B1_______3V L1_______Coil winding (see below) Q1,Q2____PN2222 M1_______Special FET bypassed microphone Assemble L1 : Form L1 by tightly wrapping eight turns of #16 bus wire on a #8 wood screw. Produces an eight-turn coil with an inner diameter of approximately 0.135 inches and lenght of about 0.625 inches. Insert in the proper hole and solder as shown.   (View)

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Long Range FM Transmitter

Published:2012-11-15 0:19:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Long Range, FM , Transmitter

Long Range FM Transmitter
The power output of many transmitter circuits are very low because no power amplifier stages are incorporated. The transmitter circuit described here has an extra RF power amplifier stage, after the oscillator stage, to raise the power output to 200-250 milliwatts. With a good matching 50-ohm ground plane antenna or multi-element Yagi antenna, this transmitter can provide reasonably good signal strength up to a distance of about 2 kilometres. The circuit built around transistor T1 (BF494) is a basic low-power variable-frequency VHF oscillator. A varicap diode circuit is included to change the frequency of the transmitter and to provide frequency modulation by audio signals. The output of the oscillator is about 50 milliwatts. Transistor T2 (2N3866) forms a VHF-class A power amplifier. It boosts the oscillator signal power four to five times. Thus, 200-250 milliwatts of power is generated at the collector of transistor T2. For better results, assemble the circuit on a good-quality glass epoxy board and house the transmitter inside an aluminum case. Shield the oscillator stage using an aluminum sheet. Coil winding details are given below: L1 - 4 turns of 20 SWG wire close wound over 8mm diameter plastic former. L2 - 2 turns of 24 SWG wire near top end of L1. (Note: No core (i.e. air core) is used for the above coils) L3 - 7 turns of 24 SWG wire close wound with 4mm diameter air core. L4 - 7 turns of 24 SWG wire-wound on a ferrite bead (as choke) Potentiometer VR1 is used to vary the fundamental frequency whereas potentiometer VR2 is used as power control. For hum-free operation, operate the transmitter on a 12V rechargeable battery pack of 10 x 1.2-volt Ni-Cd cells. Transistor T2 must be mounted on a heat sink. Do not switch on the transmitter without a matching antenna. Adjust both trimmers (VC1 and VC2) for maximum transmission power. Adjust potentiometer VR1 to set the fundamental frequency near 100 MHz. This transmitter should only be used for educational purposes. Regular transmission using such a transmitter without a license is illegal in India.   (View)

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The neutral point voltage open phase voltage relay protection circuit

Published:2012-11-14 19:52:00 Author:Ecco | Keyword: neutral point, voltage, open phase, voltage relay, protection

The neutral point voltage open phase voltage relay protection circuit
When any one phase of the motor three-phase power supply loses power, if the motor uses Y connection, wherein the neutral point (midpoint) voltage will be significantly improved. Therefore, the midpoint voltage can be used as off -phase fault signal. As shown in figure, the circuit uses voltage relay for protection device.   (View)

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Resistance-capacitance phase protection circuit

Published:2012-11-14 19:34:00 Author:Ecco | Keyword: Resistance-capacitance , phase protection

Resistance-capacitance phase protection circuit
The circuit shown in Figure uses negative sequence voltage generated by unbalanced three-phase power for phase-failure protection. When the three-phase power is symmetric and line voltage has mutual lag 120°electrical angle, the voltage across the relay KV voltage is 0V, so KV has no action. When the three-phase power loses a phase, the voltage is applied to the ends of the coil, KV pulls in, and its normally open contact action to turn on KM2 coil loop, then the normally closed contact KM2 action, KM1 cuts the power supply of motor M.   (View)

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DA6340 VCR infrared remote control receiver preamplifier circuit

Published:2012-11-14 20:03:00 Author:Ecco | Keyword: VCR, infrared, remote control , receiver, preamplifier

DA6340 VCR infrared remote control receiver preamplifier circuit
BA6340 is suitable for the VCR 's infrared remote control receiver preamplifier integrated circuit. Internal circuit consists of the signal receiving circuit, amplifier circuit, peak detector, shaping circuit and the Schmitt output circuit, etc. It uses 8-pin single in-line plastic package.   (View)

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555 automatically pushed coal timing control circuit

Published:2012-11-14 20:07:00 Author:Ecco | Keyword: 555, automatically pushed coal , timing control

555 automatically pushed coal timing control circuit
As shown in Figure 24-23, the control circuit is composed of adjustable buck power and multivibrator with adjustable duty cycle and VT2 relay control circuit. R1, RP1 and C1 form charging circuit.   (View)

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△ connection motor phase failure voltage relay protection circuit

Published:2012-11-14 20:18:00 Author:Ecco | Keyword: △ connection, motor , phase failure, voltage relay protection

△ connection motor phase failure voltage relay protection circuit
For △ connection motor, you must add neutral point, that is, three Y-shaped capacitors are connected ( impedance element ) with the motor in parallel, then the neutral point of Y shape is connected to the relay protection element, and it is shown in figure. During normal operation of the motor phase power supply, the neutral point voltage U00 is typically less than 10V.   (View)

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iPod FM Transmitter

Published:2012-11-14 0:57:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: iPod , FM Transmitter

iPod FM Transmitter
Here are instructions for building your own ipod FM radio transmitter. It works quite easy, there is a power switch on the bottom to turn it on and tune your radio and transmitter to the right frequency. For the antenna you can use a copper wire of 70 cm. The range of this FM transmitter is about 100 to 150 meters (500 feet). With R5 you can adjust the input signal and with C6 you can tune your frequency. Transmitter is supplied by 9V battery. iPod FM Transmitter parts list: Transistor: T3 ...............................2N2219a Capacitor: C3 ...............................1 μF/16 V C4,C5 .........................1 nF ker. C6 trimmer capacitor...4-40 pF C7 ...............................10 pF ker. Resistor: R5 Trimmer.................10 kΩ R6 .............................. 10 kΩ R7 ...............................2,7 kΩ R8................................1 kΩ Spool L1: Use a 10 cm long Silver wire. The diameter inside the spool should be 3 mm. 7 winds total Length of the spool should be 15 mm (f-g) The antenna is connected to the spool at 3mm from f a: + 9volt b: ground c: audio in Ground your audio input to b For the antenna you can use a copper wire (70 cm) With R5 you can adjust the input signal and with C6 you can tune your frequency.   (View)

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High Power FM Wireless Microphone

Published:2012-11-14 0:55:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: High Power , FM , Wireless, Microphone

High Power FM Wireless Microphone
This FM Wireless Microphone has been a very popular project with beginners and experienced constructors alike. It has been used inside guitars and as the basis of a remote control system. I do however, receive many requests for a higher powered circuit and better microphone sensitivity. This High Power FM Wireless Microphone has a better frequency stability, over 1 Km range and is good on microphone sensitivity. This has been achieved by adding an RF amplifier buffer (with 10dB gain) and an AF preamplifier to boost the modulation a little. Construction is quite simple. L1 is 3.25 turns in spiral form and is an integral part of the PCB foil pattern. The two BC547 transistors can be replaced with (almost) any small-signal NPN transistor, such as the 2N2222. The final stage is a BC557 PNP general purpose device. If you use different devices then you should select the 1M0 resistor for 5-volts DC at the collector of the the first transistor. Select the 47K resistor for 3 � 4 volts on the collector of the third transistor. Here is the V5 component overlay drawing. Note that there is a modification: The PCB is 50mm x 25mm, a little larger than the first version but there are three stages instead of just the one. The first prototype is shown above, beside the battery powering it. The output power is about +10dBm which is about 10dB more than the first FM Wireless Microphone. This would theoretically give it 3.12 times the range (1.6Km) but I have only tested it using a handheld with the TX laying on the bench indoors. But I got a comfortable 700 meters (and a few funny looks from our neighbours). Above you can see the addition of a capacitor added across the 12p tuning capacitor to lower the frequency of the transmitter. Make the capacitor by twisting two lengths of single core insulated hook-up wire, about 2cm long. This will reduce the frequency to the bottom end of the band. Cut short the capacitor to increase the frequency to the desired final frequency. If you cut it a few KHz too high then just twist the gimmick a little tighter.   (View)

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FM Transmitter with Varactor Diode Tuning

Published:2012-11-14 0:54:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: FM Transmitter , Varactor Diode Tuning

FM Transmitter with Varactor Diode Tuning
Presented here is a low-power FM transmitter with varactor diode tuning using surface-mount devices (SMD) that will be received with a standard FM radio. Soldering surface mounted devices is not so hard and actually is quite easy. There are many designs for small FM transmitters but they have some problems. First, you need an audio amplifier to get enough modulation. Second, the antenna is attached directly to the collector. Third, the coil L must be wound by hand and adjusted by stretching. It all ads with a weak signal that tends to drift in frequency. In contrast the transmitter schematic we present here eliminates some of those problems, using varactor diode for tuning and modulation, givin great sensitivity without an audio amplifier.   (View)

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FM Transmitter with 2N2218

Published:2012-11-14 0:54:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: FM Transmitter, 2N2218

FM Transmitter with 2N2218
Here's simple FM transmitter circuit using medium power 2N2218 transistor. Micropohone is of electret type that connects to two input terminals and the antenna should be a copper wire from 15 to 40 cm. Below is schematic circuit of the fm transmitter.   (View)

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FM Transmitter Circuit

Published:2012-11-14 0:53:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: FM , Transmitter Circuit

FM Transmitter Circuit
Here is the circuit diagram of the simple FM transmitter using a transistor. Great performance or range is not guaranteed here, because this is an elementary design. General purpose radio frequency transistor BF 494 (Q1) is used here for obtaining FM modulation. A condenser mic is used here to pickup the sound.The condenser mic converts the sound to electrical variations and this variations are fed to the base of Q1 , which performs the amplification as well as modulation.The capacitor C2 and L1 determines the frequency of transmission.The circuit can be powered from a 9V transistor radio battery. Notes The coil L1 can be made by winding 8 turns of 1mm thick enamel coated copper wire on a ball pen refill. The coil should be tapped at the center for connecting the antenna. A 30 cm wire can be used as an antenna. Remember! This circuit is an elementary circuit.No good performance or range is not guaranteed.Ideal for demo applications only.I got only 8 meter range with some decent sound quality. Battery is strictly recommended because mains powered supply may induce additional noise.   (View)

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FM Transmitter Bug

Published:2012-11-14 0:52:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: FM , Transmitter Bug

FM Transmitter Bug
The goal of this project is for me personally to learn a little more about fm transmitters and fm bug making (may the HAM radio gods bless me in this pursuit). The ideal outcome of this project is a very small and full functional FM transmitter that we can stick into a plastic mint box. In order to be able to build this, we'll have to learn a lot about amplifiers, LC oscillators, mixers, antennas and FM. This project assumes you're already comfortable build your own PCB boards. If you're not please take a look at the homemade pcb's tutorial before you continue. It will help you out a lot. So we've already seen mint can MP3 players and mint can amplifiers for guitars and tons of other projects, why not an FM bug transmitter? Well for starters, a tin can would be the worst place to put an fm transmitter! Luckily I stumbled upon this plastic mint box and thought...why not? Two transistor FM transmitters and FM bug circuits are all over the internet and they all share a common design that will be followed in this project as well. The reason I'm not trying to invent something new here is simply because FM transmitters have been redesigned to death. Why not instead have some fun with it?   (View)

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FM Telephone Transmitter

Published:2012-11-14 0:51:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: FM, Telephone , Transmitter

FM Telephone Transmitter
The FM telephone circuit is built on a PC board that is so small it can easily be fitted inside the housing of a telephone making it an instant pseudo-speak earphone. This FM transmitter circuit connects in series with telephone line, steals power from it, and transmits both sides of the conversation to an FM radio tuned between 90 and 95 MHz.   (View)

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FM Broadcast Transmitter

Published:2012-11-14 0:50:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: FM, Broadcast, Transmitter

FM Broadcast Transmitter
This FM Broadcast Transmitter circuit will transmit a continuous audio tone on the FM broadcast band (88-108 MHz) which could used for remote control or security purposes. Circuit draws about 30 mA from a 6-9 volt battery and can be received to about 100 yards. A 555 timer is used to produce the tone (about 600 Hz) which frequency modulates a Hartley oscillator. A second JFET transistor buffer stage is used to isolate the oscillator from the antenna so that the antenna position and length has less effect on the frequency. Fine frequency adjustment can be made by adjusting the 200 ohm resistor in series with the battery. Oscillator frequency is set by a 5 turn tapped inductor and 13 pF capacitor. The inductor was wound around a #8 X 32 bolt (about 3/16 diameter) and then removed by unscrewing the bolt. The inductor was then streached to about a 3/8 inch length and tapped near the center. The oscillator frequency should come out somewhere near the center of the band (98 MHz) and can be shifted higher or lower by slightly expanding or compressing the inductor. A small signal diode (1N914 or 1N4148) is used as a varactor diode so that the total capacity in parallel with the inductor varies slightly at the audio rate thus causing the oscillator frequency to change at the audio rate (600 Hz). The ramping waveform at pins 2 and 6 of the timer is applied to the reversed biased diode through a large (1 Meg) resistor so that the capacitance of the diode changes as the ramping voltage changes thus altering the frequency of the tank circuit. Alternately, an audio signal could be applied to the 1 Meg resistor to modulate the oscillator but it may require an additional pullup resistor to reverse bias the diode. The N channel JFET transistors used should be high frequency VHF or UHF types (Radio Shack #276-2062 MPF102) or similar.   (View)

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Coilless FM Transmitter

Published:2012-11-14 0:50:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Coilless , FM, Transmitter

Coilless FM Transmitter
The RF oscillator using the inverter N2 and 10.7Mhz ceramic filter is driving the parallel combination of N4 to N6 through N3.Since these inverters are in parallel the output impedance will be low so that it can directly drive an aerial of 1/4th wavelength. Since the output of N4-N6 is square wave there will be a lot of harmonics in it. The 9th harmonics of 10.7Mhz (96.3Mhz) will hence be at the center of the FM band. N1 is working as an audio amplifier. The audio signals from the microphone are amplified and fed to the varicap diode. The signal varies the capacitance of the varicap and hence varies the oscillator frequency which produce Frequency Modulation.   (View)

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CB Transmitter

Published:2012-11-14 0:49:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: CB Transmitter

CB Transmitter
For the regulation it needs a voltmeter (with needle better) and charge 50W/5W. Connect charge 50W in the place of aerial, with the voltmeter in the exit voltmeter. Be supplied the transmitter with + 12V. It will be supposed we have consumption between 0,7-1A. With a screwdriver we regulate the core of inductor L1/L2 and later the variable C6 until we see the biggest tendency. We connect the microphone and speaking we observe the clue in the multimeter. If all have become right will be supposed the tendency, speaking, to go up roughly 30-35%.   (View)

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Camera VHF Video Transmitter

Published:2012-11-14 0:48:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Camera , VHF Video, Transmitter

Camera VHF Video Transmitter
This is a simple video transmitter that can transmit as far as 50 meters. This video transmitter can be used with the camera or other video sources. You can view them on VHF channel analog TV. Supply voltage to the video transmitter can use 9V battery. Transistor components that are used for a video transmitter is BC548 or you can use another type of transistor BF199. Meanwhile, other passive components used SMD type. For winding coil L1 is 5 Turns 8 mm in diameter and use wire AWG 0.3-0.5 mm. Once you up the circuit this video transmitter, antenna use as a cable along the 50 cm. To determine the frequency of work, turn the trimmer capacitor 22 pf accordance with the frequency that you want.   (View)

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Building Simple FM Transmitter

Published:2012-11-14 0:47:00 Author:muriel | Keyword: Simple , FM Transmitter

Building Simple FM Transmitter
Here's how to build a simple FM Transmitter. This tiny transmitter has smaller radius of the service area, lower quality of the sounds and the relatively unstable frequency. These can be considered as a compromise to easily have your own transmitter for the time being or as a more positive choice. These defects are only from the perspective of conventional transmission such as clear stereo sound to receive anywhere . Artist could change these to another directions. Whether or not, you can experience a convivial wireless imagination by this transmitter.   (View)

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