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LED and Light Circuit

Index 37



MULTIPLE_LED_FLASHER

Published:2009/7/13 11:40:00 Author:May

MULTIPLE_LED_FLASHER
This is a circuit diagram for driving multiple LEDs from a single LM3909 flasher chip.   (View)

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12_V_LED_FLASHER_1

Published:2009/7/13 11:37:00 Author:May

12_V_LED_FLASHER_1
12_V_LED_FLASHER_1

The figure shows a 12-V LED flasher configuration.   (View)

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MODEL_AIRCRAFT_LED_FLASHER

Published:2009/7/13 11:28:00 Author:May

MODEL_AIRCRAFT_LED_FLASHER
This circuit was used to simulate machine gun firing on a model aircraft, but it can also be used for other applications.   (View)

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12_V_LED_FLASHER

Published:2009/7/13 11:26:00 Author:May

12_V_LED_FLASHER
This is the circuit diagram of an LED flasher suitable for 12-V operation. The liming formulas are also shown.   (View)

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SINGLE_LED_FLASHER

Published:2009/7/13 11:25:00 Author:May

SINGLE_LED_FLASHER
This is a circuit diagram of an LED flasher with few components.   (View)

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RAINBOW_FLASHER

Published:2009/7/13 11:24:00 Author:May

RAINBOW_FLASHER
This device flashes a multicolor RGB LED in various colors, in a sequence and speed determined by the PIC 16C54 software. The LED is by Cree Electronics.   (View)

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MODEL_FIRE_ENGINE_FLASHER_CIRCUIT

Published:2009/7/13 11:20:00 Author:May

MODEL_FIRE_ENGINE_FLASHER_CIRCUIT
This circuit was designed to add both a blue flashing light sequence and a two-tone siren effect to a model fire engine. IC1 is a quad NAND Schmitt trigger, and IC1a provides a low-frequency waveform, which is inverted by IC1b. Complementary outputs are obtained, which drive transistors TR1 and TR2. These driver transistors operate D1 and D2, which are two blueLEDs. The model had a blue translucent molding on its roof and yielded a surprisingly realistic effect. The outputs fromIC1a and IC1b are also used to control gated astables IC1c and IC1d, which are set to oscillate at different frequencies to simulate a typical British two-tone siren, sounded by WD1, a piezo disk. Battery B1 should be an alkaline or rechargeable9-V type because the current consumption is relatively high. S1 was a slide switch fitted on the rear of the vehicle.The sounder is optional.   (View)

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NOVELTY_LED_FLASHER

Published:2009/7/13 11:16:00 Author:May

NOVELTY_LED_FLASHER
The circuit contains three oscillators, one based on a 555 (IC1) and the others centered around a 556 (IC2). When S1 is on, each oscillator's LED (LED1, LED2, or LED3) will flash rhythmically, according to the setting of its potentiometer (R1, R2, or R3), and the capacitor selected by its switch (S2, S3, or S4). Each oscillator output is capable of driving up to 20 jumbo LEDs con-nected in parallel. Arrange the LEDs to suit your taste. The circuit will operate on a battery or any 9- to 12-Vdc source.   (View)

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AC_LIGHT_FLASHER

Published:2009/7/13 11:12:00 Author:May

AC_LIGHT_FLASHER
This circuit uses a 555 timer that is configured in an unusual way in that trigger pin 2 is activated by the voltage from a photocell to sense when the lamp is lit. The relay time constants affect the flash rate.   (View)

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LIGHTS_ON_INDICATOR

Published:2009/7/13 5:17:00 Author:May

LIGHTS_ON_INDICATOR
The buzzer (BZ) will sound if the ignition is off and the headlights are on   (View)

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DAYTIME_RUNNING_LIGHT_CIRCUIT

Published:2009/7/13 5:02:00 Author:May

DAYTIME_RUNNING_LIGHT_CIRCUIT
The DRL circuit is a variable-duty-cycle power oscillator that allows pulses of current to be applied to the headlights whenever the ignition of the vehicle is turned on. The 12-Vdc power that drives the circuit is taken from two sources in the vehicle. Power for the headlights is provided by the vehicular battery and generator system, and is input through fuse F1 to the circuit. The power source for the digital or logic part of the circuit is the + 12-V line that feeds the ignition system of the vehicle. When the ignition is turned on, the circuit is on, and when the ignition is turned off, so is the circuit. When the ignition is on, power is applied through D1 to operate IC1, a 555 timer that is connected as a free-running multivibrator. Pin 3 of IC1 provides the output of the oscillator; the duty cycle is determined by the following ratio: (R1 + R2) /R3 Potentiometer R1 allows the duty cycle of the negative part of the waveform to be adjusted from about 10 percent to almost 50 percent. Adjustment capability is provided so that the intensity of illumination can be set as desired. A set of logic gates (IC2), powered by the battery and generator, is used to control the operation of the circuit. When the ignition is off, the logic output of pin 3 of IC2-a is high. Under that high-logic condition, the transistors are not forward-biased and the headlights remain off. When the ignition is on, the oscillator is powered through D1. The pulse train output of IC1 appears simultaneously at the gates of Q1 and Q2. Those two transistors then feed + 12-V pulses through their respective diodes, D3 and D4, to the low-beam headlights of the vehicle. The diodes provide isolation between the DRL circuit and the electrical system of the vehicle. The design of the circuit makes it possible to add second pairs of hex-FET transistors and corresponding diodes to the circuit and have them driven by IC2-c. Thus, if desired, the taillights of the vehicle may also be used for DRL operation.   (View)

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CAR_BATTERY_VOLTMETER_WITH_BAR_GRAPH_DISPLAY

Published:2009/7/13 4:55:00 Author:May

CAR_BATTERY_VOLTMETER_WITH_BAR_GRAPH_DISPLAY
This uses an LM3914 bar-graph display, IC1, adapted to measure its own supply, so you simply wire it directly across the 12-V supply voltage (right way round-watch pins 2 and 3 carefully!). Ten LEDs, D1 to D10, will indicate the applied battery voltage, ranging from 1.5 to 15 V. The IC contains 10 internal comparators connected totem-pole-like, each sinking current through an LED. They compare an internal reference voltage against the chip's input voltage, at pin 5. Set the IC reference voltage with resistors R3 and R4 to just under 5 V. This means that one LED will light for every 500 mV (5 V reference/10 stages) increase in the signal. To enable this to be used to read a 12-V battery (the chip's own supply rail, in this case), resistors R1 and R2 are included as a divider: An input of roughly +15 V will cause D1 to light. When the voltage gradually falls, LEDs D2 to D10 will progressively illuminate. The circuit is set as a moving dot display. Connect pin 9 to the positive rail for a bar-graph display (not recommended because of the current consumption). Because the 10 outputs are effectively constant-current sinks, the LEDs will glow at a level independent of the changes in the supply rail; they won't dim when the rail drops. However, the first two or three display LEDs (D8 to D10) are superfluous in this application, because the LM3914 won't operate correctly below a rail of about +5 V.   (View)

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FREE_RUNNING_COUNTER_DISPLAY

Published:2009/7/13 4:46:00 Author:May

FREE_RUNNING_COUNTER_DISPLAY
Atten-tion-getting circuit simply counts at predetermined rate while driving 3-digit display using 7-segment LEDs. Circuit uses two sections of 4011 CM0S quad NAND gate to generate pulses at rate controlled by 100-megohm pot. Pulses trigger 4026 counters connected as shown, with outputs a-g of each going to 7-segment LED dis-play. When all three displays reach 9, next pulse resets all to0 and count continues. Auxiliary circuit at upper right uses remaining sections of 4011 as flip-flop controlled by touch-plate switches; bridging gap between center and grounded plates with finger makes counter run. Bridging other gap resets counter to 0 and holds it there. If reset is not used, connect input pins 8, 9, 12, and 13 of unused gates to pin 14. -J. A. Sandler, 9 Easy to Build Projects under $9, Mod-em Electronics, July 1978, p 53-56.   (View)

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TRICOLOR_LED_PEAK_INDICATOR_CIRCUIT

Published:2009/7/13 4:44:00 Author:May

TRICOLOR_LED_PEAK_INDICATOR_CIRCUIT
This is a tricolor LED circuit. With a low input level, LED2 is off. As the input voltage increases, LED2 turns on and glows first green, then yellow, and finally red. Resistor R10 and 2.5-V precision voltage reference IC4 provide a precision voltage reference that is further subdivided by resistors R11, R12, R13, and R14, This chain of resistors creates three different reference voltages that set the voltage thresholds for the three LEDs, which are fed to the three comparators along with the input signal. The output of these comparators is then connected to LED2. If the output of all of the comparators is floating, the red and green dies in the tricolor LED are biased ON by R15 and R16, causing LED2 to glow yellow. However, if the output of a comparator is internally grounded, the connected color element will be pulled below 2 V, and the element will turn off. To set the gain level of the amplifier, apply a maximum-level signal to the input of the averager and reduce the level to allow for headroom.   (View)

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LOGIC_CONTROLS_25_W_LAMP

Published:2009/7/13 4:44:00 Author:May

LOGIC_CONTROLS_25_W_LAMP
Ordinary 1-A bridge is used with H74C1 optoisolatorto pass full current to 25-W lamp when logic inρut goes low (to around,so full 5 V is applied to light source in optoisolator).-D. D. Mickle, Practical Computer Projects, 73 Magazine, Jan. 1978, p 92-93.   (View)

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10_LED_BAR_GRAPH_INDICATOR_CIRCUIT

Published:2009/7/13 4:43:00 Author:May

10_LED_BAR_GRAPH_INDICATOR_CIRCUIT
The solid-state level indicator consists of a string of 10 LEDs in one package. With a low-level signal input, all LEDs are off. As the signal increases, more LEDs light up, until finally all10 are turned on to indicate the maximum level. The heart of the circuit shown in this figure is the National Semiconductor LM3915. The LM3915 contains a precision voltage reference, resistor divider chain, and 10 comparators to drive the LEDs. This IC also contains current-limiting circuitry that limits the brightness of the LEDs without the need for separate resistors, and logic to select either a bar graph or a moving-dot display.   (View)

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CONSTANT_BRIGHTNESS_LED_CIRCUIT

Published:2009/7/13 4:36:00 Author:May

CONSTANT_BRIGHTNESS_LED_CIRCUIT
This setup ensures that the LED will glow with equal brightness as long as the input voltage remains between 8 and 24 V. R=5/I, where I=desired LED current.   (View)

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BAR_GRAPH_DISPLAY_CIRCUIT

Published:2009/7/13 4:36:00 Author:May

BAR_GRAPH_DISPLAY_CIRCUIT
This shows how an LM3914 or LM3915 is connected for 9- to separate LEDs or part of an integral display module.   (View)

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LARGE_LED_DISPLAY

Published:2009/7/13 4:35:00 Author:May

LARGE_LED_DISPLAY
National MM5736 calculator chip is used with DM8895 segment driver that can be mask-programmed to source several values of current in range from 5 to 17 mA per segment of LED display, permitting use of fairly large display. Display current comes from VCC supply terminal of DM8895 rather than from calculator chip. Combination serves as 6-decade counter driving 6-digit display. -M. Watts, Calculator Chip Makes a Counter, Na-tional Semiconductor, Santa Clara, CA, 1974, AN-112, p 3.   (View)

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CMOS_LOGIC_CONTROL_OF_300_W_LAMP

Published:2009/7/13 4:28:00 Author:May

CMOS_LOGIC_CONTROL_OF_300_W_LAMP
Storage capacitor C2 in interface transistor circuit for typical CMOS gate charges to full +15 V supply voltage in time determined by R3 and C2, after which al is fired by positive-going differentiated pulse derived from input square wave. C2 then dumps its charge through R4 and C1, to fire triac C2 and energize AC load. For maximum load power, triac should be fired early in conduction angle. With 1-kHz input square wave, output power is over 98% of maximum possible.-A. Pshaenich, Interface Techniques Between Industrial Logic and Power Devices, Motorola, Phoenix, AZ, 1975, AN-712A, p 13.   (View)

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