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Index 19



GATED_AMPLIFIER_DRIVES_FERRITE_CORES

Published:2009/7/20 1:24:00 Author:Jessie

GATED_AMPLIFIER_DRIVES_FERRITE_CORES
Used in shockproof recorder in which each amplifier drives a line of six cores. Interrogation of cores releases stored information for processing.-C. P. Hedges, Digital Recorder Holds Data After Shock, Electronics, 32:12, p 60-62.   (View)

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SATELLITE_RECORDER_AND_TRANSMITTER

Published:2009/7/20 1:16:00 Author:Jessie

SATELLITE_RECORDER_AND_TRANSMITTER
SATELLITE_RECORDER_AND_TRANSMITTER

Primary video signal bandwidth is 0 to 240 cps. Direct-record system uses 290-cps sub carrier for reproducing d-c component of signal, giving 50-cps lower sideband. Upper sideband (530 cps) is suppressed. Transmitter uses crystal-controlled 108-Mc Hartley oscillator, feeding 1 w to antenna.-R. Hanel et al, Tracking Earth's Weather with Cloud-Cover Satellites, Electronics, 32:18, p 44-49.   (View)

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MAGNETIC_DRUM_WRITE_AMPLIFIER

Published:2009/7/20 1:12:00 Author:Jessie

MAGNETIC_DRUM_WRITE_AMPLIFIER
Power amplifier is followed by impedance-changing device that converts voltage waveform at output of flip-flop into corresponding cur rent waveform for low-impedance recording head of magnetic memory drum, for Manchester recording with 220 ma peak-to-peak.-A. J. Strassman and R. E. Keeter, Clock Track Recorder For Memory Drum, Electronics, 32:41, p 74-76.   (View)

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BANDPASS_AMPLIFIER_DRIVES_RECORDER

Published:2009/7/20 1:08:00 Author:Jessie

BANDPASS_AMPLIFIER_DRIVES_RECORDER
Feedback from final stage to input sets bias level of direct-coupled ac amplifier having current-derived stabilization, for driving re carder over range of 0.2 to 5 cps, with no bulky capacitors.-P. Laakmann, Direct Coupling Shrinks Amplifier Size and Cost, Electronics, 36:12, p 66-68.   (View)

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SHOCKPROOF_FERRITE_CORE_RECORDER

Published:2009/7/20 1:05:00 Author:Jessie

SHOCKPROOF_FERRITE_CORE_RECORDER
Cores retain stored data even alter 6,000-9 shock. Each transistor encodes decimal digit into two binary digits. Beam-switching decade counter makes Q1 to Q10 count in succession, to energize the lye outputs that pulse cores through gated amplifiers.-C. P. Hedges, Digital Recorder Holds Data After Shock, Electronics, 32:12, p 60--62.   (View)

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AUDIO_GENERATOR

Published:2009/7/10 1:35:00 Author:May

AUDIO_GENERATOR
This circuit produces a sinusoidal output of about 8 V pk-pk, which can be varied down to zero, at about 500 Hz. The signal is generated by a phase-shift oscillator.   (View)

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AUDIO_COMPRESSOR_AUDIO_BAND_SPLITTER

Published:2009/7/9 22:31:00 Author:May

AUDIO_COMPRESSOR_AUDIO_BAND_SPLITTER
AUDIO_COMPRESSOR_AUDIO_BAND_SPLITTER

This 2-band compressor splits the audio into high and low frequencies and allows independent adjustment of each. Two active filters drive the two halves of dual voltage controlled amplifier/rectifter IC. Each section has a dynamic range greater than 100 dB. Compression gain slopes are adjustable from 2 to 25 for both audio bands. RB adjusts the threshold amplitude between the two bands. RK1 and R2/C2 control the compressor attack times (10 kΩ and 2 μF, respectively), while the 1.5-MΩ) resistor in the integrator circuit controls the release line.   (View)

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VSUBCC_SUB__AUDIO_NOISE_REDUCER

Published:2009/7/20 3:12:00 Author:Jessie

VSUBCC_SUB__AUDIO_NOISE_REDUCER
The circuit reduces noise and ripple voltage by 40 dB over the 100-Hz to 20-kHz audio range. It provides a clean source of 5-V power for driving audio circuits in portable applications such as cellular phones and multimedia notebook computers. Most linear regulators reject noise only up to 1000 Hz or so, and the bulk of a low-frequency passive filter is unwelcome in portable applications. The circuit shown accepts noisy Vcc in the 4.5- to 6-V range and produces quiet Vcc at a dc level 7 percent lower. For example, it produces 4.65 V at 1 A from a nominal 5-V source, with only 200 μA of quiescent current. The largest capacitor is 10 μF and the resistors can be 0.1 W or surface-mount 0805 size. When operating, the circuit acts as a wide-bandwidth buffered voltage follower (not a regulator) whose dc output level is 7 percent below Vin。 R1 and R3 form a voltage divider that provides the 7 percent attenuation, and C4 helps to form a 93-percent filter replica of Vin at the op amp's inverting input. The op amp's small input bias current (25 nA typical) allows large resistor values for R1 and R3, yet limits the maximum dc error to only 20 mV. The result is a low-pass filter with a 2-Hz corner frequency that provides 20 dB of attenuation at 20 Hz.   (View)

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PERIODIC_60_Hz_NOISE_ELIMINATOR

Published:2009/7/20 3:05:00 Author:Jessie

PERIODIC_60_Hz_NOISE_ELIMINATOR
PERIODIC_60_Hz_NOISE_ELIMINATOR
PERIODIC_60_Hz_NOISE_ELIMINATOR

This analog/digital synchronous-averager circuit implements a robust comb filter that (theoretically) infinitely attenuates all 60-Hz harmonics. It does this independently of precision component tolerances. Signal components with frequencies below 20 Hz are passed virtually undisturbed. In the circuit, A1 continuously integrates and inverts the sum of the input signal and the output of buffer amplifier A2. Depending on the state of FF2, either switches S1A and S1B or S1C and S1D will conduct. Because flip-flop FF2 toggles once each 60-Hz cycle, A1 always integrates the difference between the instantaneous input voltage and the integral of the input taken over the preceding cycle. The transfer function of such a piecewise integration is characterized by a series of impulses that occurs atƒ (the fundamental frequency of the integration cycle) and at all integer multiples ofƒ This extreme attenuation of harmonic noise is not limited by component tolerance. The filter's setting time for an input step, however, does depend upon the trimming of potentiometer P1. Optional unity-gain inverter A3 undoes the signal inversion performed by A1 and incorporates trimmer pots P2 and P3 for precise adjustment of overall filter gain and zero offset.   (View)

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MUSIC_VISION_CIRCUIT

Published:2009/7/20 3:00:00 Author:Jessie

MUSIC_VISION_CIRCUIT
MUSIC_VISION_CIRCUIT
MUSIC_VISION_CIRCUIT

The basic concept involves processing an audio signal input into two components (x and y) that are phase-shifted approximately 90° relative to each other. The signals are then digitally sampled and stored in a video RAM buffer as an array of data bits. Bit locations in RAM correspond with the horizontal(x value) and vertical (y value) positions of points to be illuminated on the TV screen. The video RAM is periodically read and erased in synchronism with video frame scanning. The resulting serial video data is combined with color burst and sync signals to generate an NTSC-compatible composite video output signal. The music vision circuit essentially converts the standard raster-scanned TV screen into an oscilloscope-type display in which horizontal and vertical positions are directly controlled by z and y signals. The 90° phase shift between the two signals generates complex and dynamic two-dimensional patterns on the TV screen when music, voice, or other audio signals are applied to the input. The audio-frequency content of the input signal determines the color of the video pattern being displayed.   (View)

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ANALOG_DELAY_FLANGING_UNIT_

Published:2009/7/20 2:48:00 Author:Jessie

ANALOG_DELAY_FLANGING_UNIT_
Audio from the guitar is fed first to a preamp and LP filter, then through an analog delay line IC. The delay is a function of clock frequency. The clock frequency, and, therefore, the delay time of the line, can be modulated by a low-frequency oscillator. This gives the characteristic sound to the guitar audio.   (View)

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NAB_98_cm_s_equalizer_amplifier_for_car_stereo_using_an_ECG1087_module

Published:2009/7/20 4:03:00 Author:Jessie

NAB_98_cm_s_equalizer_amplifier_for_car_stereo_using_an_ECG1087_module
NAB 9.8 cm/s equalizer amplifier for car stereo using an ECG1087 module. Typical voltage gain is 35 dB (courtesy GTE Sylvania Incorporated).   (View)

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General_purpose_voltage_preamplifier

Published:2009/7/20 4:42:00 Author:Jessie

General_purpose_voltage_preamplifier
General-purpose voltage preamplifier. Typical voltage gain is 35.5 dB. Input resistance is 120K. The EGG1103 is a 7-pin module (courtesy GTF Sylvania).   (View)

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SIMPLE_UTILITY_MIXER

Published:2009/7/9 5:07:00 Author:May

SIMPLE_UTILITY_MIXER
SIMPLE_UTILITY_MIXER

Here's an interesting mixer circuit. With it you can effectively combine signals from audio to high-fre-quency RF. Also, as a special bonus, this circuit will provide some gain at a low noise figure. The inputs can be of almost any level or impedance, and the output (low-Z) will drive most tuned circuits or transistors.Basically, the device consists of two similar FET amplifier stages with a common load resistor (R2). Each FET develops a signal across this resistor, a form of cancellation occurs, and a difference signal results.If you want less gain, try reducing R2 to 2200-Ω. This modification will not affect the mixing ability.   (View)

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AUDIO_MIXER

Published:2009/7/9 4:58:00 Author:May

AUDIO_MIXER
Three audio circuits are combined in the circuit shown. Each input is coupled to its own level potenti-ometer (R1, R2, or R3) and they are combined at the gate of FET Q1. The output of Q1 is coupled to the external audio amplifier through emitter-follower Q2 and capacitor CG.   (View)

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45_watt_AF_power_amplifier_for_a_4_ohm_load

Published:2009/7/20 5:31:00 Author:Jessie

45_watt_AF_power_amplifier_for_a_4_ohm_load
4.5-watt AF power amplifier for a 4-ohm load. Recommended supply voltage is 13.2 volts, which makes this circuit ideal for automotive applications. Typical voltage gain is 50 dB (courtesy GTE Sylvania Incorporated).   (View)

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4_watt_OTL_power_amplifier_using_10_pin_TO3

Published:2009/7/20 5:30:00 Author:Jessie

4_watt_OTL_power_amplifier_using_10_pin_TO3
4-watt OTL power amplifier using 10-pin TO3. Typical supply voltage is 14 volts. The circuit is designed for a 4-ohm load and its efficiency is 60%. Typical voltage gain is 39 dB. Input impedance is 6.5K. Bandwidth is 70 hertz to 20 kilohertz. Although the ECG1098 can handle short-circuit conditions for short durations, it is recommended that the protection circuit shown be used if long periods with the speaker load shorted occur (courtesy GTE Sylvania Incorporated).   (View)

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4_INPUT_UNITY_GAIN_MIXER

Published:2009/7/9 4:45:00 Author:May

4_INPUT_UNITY_GAIN_MIXER
An LM381/1Ais used as a four-input unity-gain audio mlxer. Gain can be increased decreasing R1 through R4 or increasing R6.   (View)

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DIGITAL_MIXER

Published:2009/7/9 4:40:00 Author:May

DIGITAL_MIXER
A simple digital mixer, based on two dual-Schmitt triggers (4583B) and three exclusive-OR gates, uses an RC time-delay circuit to permit easy adjustment of the output-signal pulse width. The exclusive-OR gates ,can also be used separately as a symmetrical frequency doublet.As shown, a signal passing through the Schmitt triggers is delayed by t, a value equal to RC In (VTP/VTN)where Vtp and Vtn are the positive and negative threshold voltages of the triggers.To function properly, the same time delay must be introduced to signals f1 and f2. Also, the time delay must be less than 50%of the period of f1. Provided that f1 is more than twice the value of f2, the output of the circuit will equal the difference of the two signals (i.e., f1 - f2).   (View)

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10_watt_UHF_microstrip_amplifier_for_450_to_470_MHz

Published:2009/7/20 7:31:00 Author:Jessie

10_watt_UHF_microstrip_amplifier_for_450_to_470_MHz
10-watt UHF microstrip amplifier for 450 to 470 MHz (courtesy Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc.).   (View)

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